Centar za nutricionizam i dijetetiku inga markovic

The coronary patients’ diet is special when it comes to its type, number of calories, organization of meals, and portion sizes.
It is important to eat a hypocaloric diet, up to 1000 calories, a few days after the heart attack. This diet-therapy needs to have all necessary nutrients while it leads to weight loss because of the low calory intake, but it doesn’t strain the digestive tract and protects the heart that is in direct contact with it. Food should get portioned as four or five small meals, which is important because of two things: eating small but frequent portions reduces the secretion of gastric juices that irritate the stomach and decreases the physical strain of the bowls.

Patients should be on this diet while they are in the hospital only since it represents the crucial part of the treatment. After they get out, this diet-therapy should be modified but used for the rest of the life to prevent new coronary issues. The diet is based on the low intake of sodium and fat with the proper preparation of food during the cooking process, as well as the increased intake of vegetables.

The diet of people that suffered from a heart attack needs to be based on hypertension treatment, lipid disorder, and weight loss recommendations.

Recommendations for those that suffer from hypertension by food groups

Grain: consume unsalted bread, like wholegrain, rye, and pumpernickel bread, rice, steamed potatoes, oatmeal, rye flakes, and bran.
Forbidden: salted bakery products, pies, salted snacks

Dairy: low-fat dairy products like probiotic yogurt, fresh cow cheese, plant-based cheese, milk with 0,9% milkfat, and sour cream with 12% milkfat.
Forbidden: slated cheeses, high-fat cheeses, whole fat milk, whole fat sour cream

Meat, fish, eggs: consume, in small amounts, steamed or baked lean meat like chicken, turkey, low-fat veal, and beef in the oven without adding additional oils. Fish: blue sea fish should be cooked or baked in the aluminum foil. Patients should eat two to three boiled, not fried eggs a week, while they can consume egg white more often
Forbidden: fatty meat, processed meat products, fatty soups, and soups that contain industrially-added spices.

Fats and oils: plant-based oils like olive and sunflower oil, but add it only after you prepare the meal, while you shouldn’t add any in meat dishes.
Forbidden: salted and unsalted butter, pork fat, salted margarine, mayo, heat-treated oils.

Vegetables: all kinds of vegetables are allowed. Eat as many fresh vegetables as possible as salads, shortly-cooked sides, and vegetable soups with additionally-added herbs.
Forbidden: canned vegetables like canned peas, carrots, and legumes, pickled cabbage, pickled bell peppers, and pickles.

Fruit: it is allowed to eat fresh and frozen fruit, as well as compotes without additives.
Forbidden: nuts high in fat or roasted with a lot of salt, like salted peanuts, walnuts, and cashews.

Sugar concentrates: jams and marmalades without additives are allowed in small amounts.
Drinks: freshly squeezed juices, tea, and a cup or two of coffee a day are allowed.
Forbidden: sparkling or mineral water with a lot of sodium

It is important to stick to the recommended daily intake of salt with these recommendations, which is 2g or 2000mg for people with hypertension, which, again, means that you shouldn’t salt your food, additionally.

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